WaSH – Water Sanitation and Health
Drinking water (WaSH – Water Sanitation and Health)
Drinking water supply and sanitation in India continue to be inadequate, despite longstanding efforts by the various levels of government and communities at improving coverage. (WaSH – Water Sanitation and Health)
A number of innovative approaches to improve water supply and sanitation have been tested in India. These include demand-driven approaches in rural water supply since 1999, community-led total sanitation, a public-private partnerships to improve the continuity of water supply and the use of micro-credits for water supply and sanitation in order to improve access to water and sanitation. However, there still remain a great deal of need gaps.
The WaSH initiatives can become sustainable when community members are trained to maintain water sources and supply, and serve on water and sanitation committees that oversee community improvements.
Our WaSH project also initiates hygiene education for children and adults, including proper hand and face washing to prevent disease.
Grey-water / Waste-water (WaSH – Water Sanitation and Health)
There is also an issue of grey-water which is the waste water from showers, baths, spas, hand-basins, laundry tubs and washing machines.
- Water from dishwashers and kitchen sinks is often referred to as dark greywater, because it has a higher load of chemicals, fats and other organic matter.
- Water from toilets is called blackwater.
It’s estimated that just over half of the grey water in households could be recycled for alternative use, saving potentially hundreds of litres of fresh water per day.
Use of alternative eco friendly cleaning materials and soak pits are being proposed as possible solutions to reduce contaminated grey-water water from creating downstream water pollution.
Rain-water Harvesting (WaSH – Water Sanitation and Health)
Rainwater harvesting is one strategy in the greater scheme of reducing domestic water use. By harvesting rainwater we can utilize rainwater falling onto our homes and landscapes for beneficial purposes, while preventing it from becoming storm-water pollution as it runs off into the storm-drain. Rainwater harvesting inspires other practices that lead to greater sustainability. Growing plants that provide summer shade to cool our homes reduce energy use; increasing home food production reduces demand for wasteful water use in industrial fields. Above all, rainwater harvesting increases quality of life: ours, and that of life worldwide.
In arid climates and places with salty irrigation water rainwater flushes salts and chemicals out, allowing for long-term health and soil vitality. Collected rainwater can supplement other water sources when they become scarce or are of low quality like brackish groundwater or polluted surface water in the rainy season. It also provides a good alternative and replacement in times of drought or when the water table drops and wells go dry.
(WaSH – Water Sanitation and Health)